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1. What was the law that prevailed in Ephesus? What did the Duke say to Aegeon when he became a victim of law? 2+3

Answer: In Ephesus, a prevailing law dictated that any merchant from Syracuse found within its borders would face severe consequences, unless they paid a hefty sum of one thousand marks as a ransom for their life.

When Aegeon fell victim to this law, the Duke, in an act of compassion, requested him to recount the story of his life and the purpose behind his arrival in Ephesus. As he listened to the sorrowful tale, the Duke was deeply moved but he was powerless to alter the law. Instead of dooming him instantly, the Duke granted Aegeon an additional day to attempt to gather the funds required to settle the fine.

2. Who was Aegeon? How did he arrive at Ephesus? What happened when he was brought before the Duke? 1+2+2 

                                                            Or

Who was Aegeon? How did he arrive at Ephesus? What made the Duke pity on Aegeon? 1+2+2

Answer : Aegeon was an old merchant of Syracuse in Shakespeare’s ‘The Comedy of Errors’. 

When Aegeon along with his wife, twin sons and twin slaves was returning home from Epidamnum, a violent storm arose. His wife, elder son and slave were separated from him and lost in the shipwreck. When his younger son Antipholus was eighteen years old, he went out to search for his mother and brother. But Antipholus and Dromio did not return home even after seven years. So, to find out his son, Aegeon explored throughout the world and at last, landed on Ephesus.

When Aegeon was brought before the Duke, the Duke ordered him to tell the story of his life and the reason of his arrival to Ephesus. The Duke was deeply moved to hear the story. He pitied Aegeon and gave him an additional day to attempt to gather the funds required to settle the ransom.

3. What made Aegeon land at Ephesus? What danger did he face there? 3+2

Answer: When Aegeon along with his wife, twin sons and twin slaves was returning home from Epidamnum, a violent storm arose. His wife, elder son and slave were separated from him and lost in the shipwreck. When his younger son Antipholus was eighteen years old, he went out to search for his mother and brother. But Antipholus and Dromio did not return home even after seven years. So, to find out his son, Aegeon explored throughout the world and at last, landed on Ephesus.

When Aegeon was spotted on the streets of Ephesus, he was promptly brought before the Duke. It was then that he learned of a cruel law that prevailed in this state, which left him with two options: either face a death sentence or pay a hefty sum of one thousand marks as ransom for his life. This is the danger which he faced in Ephesus. 

4. Why was the Elder Antipholus denied entry in his own house? 5

Answer:  When Younger Antipholus was having dinner with his brother’s wife, his elder brother, the real husband of Adriana returned home for the meal. But he was denied entry in his own house because Adriana instructed the servants not to allow any stranger inside the house. When Elder Antipholus repeatedly knocked at the door and said that they were Antipholus and Dromio, the servants inside the house laughed at them. The servants confirmed to them that Antipholus and Dromio were already present in the house and they were enjoying their dinner. This confusion arose from the presence of two sets of identical twin brothers.

5. How did Aegeon find out all his family members? 5

Answer: Aegeon arrived in Ephesus, desperately searching for his younger son who had embarked on a quest to find his lost mother and brother seven years prior. However, his arrival took an unexpected turn as he was arrested and brought before the Duke. Aegeon became acquainted with the harsh laws of the state, leaving him with no choice but to accept his impending sentence, as he lacked the means to pay for his own life’s ransom.

The following day, Aegeon was led to the execution grounds, situated near a convent. To his astonishment, fate intervened, and he found himself face-to-face with his identical twin sons and their twin slaves. The striking resemblance between the two pairs of twins led to a series of confusions and errors, further complicating the situation. The abbess of the convent finally disclosed her true identity. She was none other than his long lost wife. Thus Aegeon found out all his family members.

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