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1. What is the difference between fine art and functional art? [5]

Answer: There are two sides to art – fine art and functional art. Fine art liberates our minds from the constraints of sorrows and conflicts of our daily lives. It transports us to the world of aesthetic delight. On the other hand, functional art brings beauty to the objects of our daily use. It provides us with means of livelihood. It enriches a person spiritually and financially.

2. According to Nandalal Bose how does the absence of a sense of beauty affect the society? [5] 

or

According to Nandalal Bose, how are beauty and aesthetics connected to a person’s physical and mental well-being? Explain with the example from the text? [5] 

Answer: According to Nandalal Bose, the absence of a sense of beauty deprives individuals of the opportunity to experience aesthetics. This deficiency not only affects their mental and physical well-being but also has broader consequences for society. People who lack an appreciation for beauty tend to neglect their living spaces, resulting in the accumulation of rubbish in their homes and courtyards. They fail to maintain cleanliness, leading to unsanitary conditions. Additionally, they exhibit disrespectful behavior by spitting betel juice on walls, streets, and even railway coaches. thus, they not only spread diseases but also contribute to a decline in societal standards.

3. What example did Nandalal Bose give to support his view that ‘the vitality of work of art lies in its sense of beauty and order. [5] 

Answer: Nandalal Bose argues that the vitality of a work of art lies in its ability to create beauty and order rather than its monetary worth. He illustrates this point by comparing the careful and precise arrangements of a poor Santhal individual’s humble dwelling to the disorderly and careless behavior of an educated college student living in a lavish room. The impoverished Santhal finds beauty and order essential to their existence, while the affluent disregard it as superficial.

4. How does a poor Santhal express his sense of beauty and order. [5] 

Or

“There are some among us who think that art is the domain for the rich and the pleasure-loving…” Does the author agree with this statement? How does he establish his view?

Answer: Some people believe that art is only for the wealthy and for pleasure, so they don’t include it in their lives. However, Nandalal Bose disagrees and argues that the true value of art lies in its ability to create beauty and order, not its monetary worth. To establish his view, the author shows the example of a poor Santhal whose sense of beauty and order drives him to sweep and mop his hut. He stacks his earthen pots and tattered quilts in order. This is in contrast to a college student who has a messy room despite having more resources.

5. According to Nandalal Bose how can the aesthetic sensibilities of the students be increased? [5] 

Answer: Nandalal Bose suggests several ways for students to enhance their aesthetic sensibilities. He advises displaying good paintings, sculptures, and other specimens of fine and functional arts in classrooms, libraries and living areas of the students. Additionally, students should watch movies showcasing art from different countries, visit museums with qualified instructors and appreciate the beauty of nature. By engaging with art and nature, students can cultivate their discernment and develop a deeper appreciation for aesthetics.

6. Why is ‘encounter with Nature’ is important for the learners? How can they be introduced to Nature? [2+3 = 5] 

Or

“Students should be introduced to Nature’s own festival of seasons…”  What does the author say in this regard?

Answer: ‘Encounter with nature’ is valuable for learners as it develops their aesthetic sensibilities. Through seasonal festivals showcasing fruits, flowers, and natural elements emblematic of each season, students can experience the beauty of rice fields, lotus ponds, Palash, shimul etc. Special holidays, picnics, and games also deepen their connection with nature. These encounters not only enhance their appreciation for the natural world but also nurture their artistic abilities, fostering overall growth and well-being.

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