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The Green Revolution, which was introduced in the 1960s, aimed to increase agricultural production in India to feed its growing population. The revolution utilized high-yielding crop varieties, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and modern irrigation techniques. Its impact was significant since it helped increase agricultural productivity, reduced hunger and poverty, and boosted the country’s economy.

One of the essential benefits of the Green Revolution was an increase in food production due to high-yielding crop varieties, such as wheat and rice, that produced more yields per hectare than traditional varieties. Modern techniques such as irrigation and fertilizers helped boost crop production and ensured food security for millions of people through increased food availability. Additionally, increased food production helped reduce food prices, benefiting the poor and reducing their dependence on imported food.

Despite its success, the Green Revolution faced criticisms as overuse of fertilizers and pesticides led to land degradation and water pollution. Also, the benefits of the Green Revolution were not evenly distributed across all regions and people in India, and small farmers could not afford the high-yielding seeds, fertilizers, and machinery necessary for success. Nevertheless, the Green Revolution continues to play a pivotal role in India’s food and agricultural system, and the country stands as a significant exporter of agricultural products to the world.

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