Fable- Ralph Waldo Emerson- Lesson 2- Class 10
The author and the text:
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet. His famous poems include ‘Concord Hymn’ and ‘Brahma’.
র্যাল্ফ ওয়াল্ডো এমারসন (১৮০৩-১৮৮২) ছিলেন একজন আমেরিকান প্রাবন্ধিক, অধ্যাপক এবং কবি। তাঁর বিখ্যাত কবিতাগুলির মধ্যে রয়েছে ‘কঙ্কর্ড হীম’ এবং ‘ব্রহ্মা’।
The poem describes a conversation between the squirrel and the mountain. The squirrel points out that in this world every being, living or non-living, big or small, have their individual reasons for existence.
কবিতাটি একটি কাঠবেড়ালি ও এক পর্বতের মধ্যে কথোপকথনের বর্ণনা দেয়। কাঠবেড়ালি তুলে ধরে যে এই পৃথিবীর সমস্তকিছুরই, জীব হোক বা জড়, ছোটো হোক বা বড়, এই পৃথিবীতে অস্তিত্বের পিছনে স্বতন্ত্র কারণ আছে।
The Fable – Bengali meaning line by line
The mountain and the squirrel
Had a quarrel;
পর্বত ও কাঠবিড়ালির মধ্যে
And the former called the latter ‘Little Prig!
এবং প্রথম জন দ্বিতীয় জনকে বলল ‘খুদে নীতিবাগীশ’
কাঠবিড়ালী উত্তর দিল,
‘You are doubtless very big;
“নিঃসন্দেহে তুমি অনেক বড়াে;
But all sorts of things and weather
কিন্তু সব ধরনের জিনিস ও আবহাওয়া
Must be taken in together,
অবশ্যই একসাথে জড়াে করতে হবে,
To make up a year
যাতে তৈরি হয় একটা বছর
And a sphere.
এবং একটা পৃথিবী।
And I think it no disgrace
আমি লজ্জার বিষয় মনে করি না
To occupy my place.
আমার জায়গাটুকু নিয়ে থাকাটাকে
If I’m not so large as you,
আমি যদি তোমার মতো বড়ো না হই,
You are not so small as I,
তুমিও আমার মতো ছোটো নও,
And not half so spry.
আর আমার মতো অর্ধেক প্রানবন্তও নও।
I’ll not deny you make
আমি অস্বীকার করব না তুমি বানাও
A very pretty squirrel track;
কাঠবিড়ালীর যাওয়ার জন্য সুন্দর একটা পথ ;
Talents differ; all is well and wisely put;
গুণের তফাত থাকে ; সবই ভালো আর বুদ্ধিমত্তার সাথে রাখা আছে;
If I cannot carry forests on my back,
আমি যদি পিঠে জঙ্গল ধরে রাখতে না পারি,
Neither can you crack a nut!
তুমিও একটা বাদাম ভাঙতে পার না! ”
Fable – Texual Questions Answers -Class 10
1. Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentences:
(a) The quarrel was between the mountain and the
Ans: (iv) squirrel
(b) Bun has no doubt that the mountain is
Ans: (ii) big
(c) Unlike a mountain, a squirrel can crack a
Ans: (i) nut
2. State whether the following statements are True or False. Provide sentences/phrases/words in support of your answer:
(a) The mountain called the squirrel “Little Bun”.[ False]
Supporting statement: And the former called the latter ‘Little Prig!
(b) The squirrel is sprier than the mountain. [True ]
Supporting statement: You are not so small as I, And not half so spry.
(c) The mountain can carry forests on its back.[True]
Supporting statement: If I cannot carry forests on my back, Neither can you crack a nut!
3. Answer the following questions:
(a) Who had a quarrel with the squirrel?
Ans: The Mountain had a quarrel with the squirrel.
(b) What is not a disgrace to the squirrel?
Ans: Occupying his place is not a disgrace to the squirrel.
(c) What is it that the squirrel doesn’t deny?
Ans: The squirrel doesn’t deny that the mountain makes a pretty squirrel track.
Fable – Grammar in Use – Class 10
4. Replace the underlined words with suitable phrasal verbs from the list given below. Change the form of verbs where necessary. There is one extra phrasal verb in the list:
(a) Rabi met his friend in the park.
Ans: Rabi came across his friend in the park.
(b) Tanushree cannot tolerate cruel behaviour to animals.
Ans: Tanushree cannot put up with cruel behaviour to animals.
(c) His proposal was rejected.
Ans: His proposal was turned down.
List: turn down, come over, put up with, come across
5. Change the voice of the following sentences:
(a) Lock the door.
Ans: Let the door be locked.
(b) Ashim knows the solution to this problem.
Ans: The solution to this problem is known to Ashim.
(c) I had written a letter.
Ans: A letter had been written by me.
Fable – Writing activities- Class 10
6. Write a letter to your friend (within 100 words) advising her / him to visit the public library in her/his locality as frequently as possible.
I have just received your letter. I am glad to know that you have stood second in your last examination. You will be happy to know that I have stood first in my class. Today I want to share with you the benefits of visiting libraries.
I came to know that there is a public library in your area. So I am requesting you to visit the library frequently. It is a storehouse of different types of books. It will help you to read more books. It will help you to gain knowledge on many topics. Besides a good habit will gradually build up. I hope you will listen my advice with enough importance and send me a letter soon.
7. Write a paragraph (within 100 words) on the benefits of early morning exercises using the following points: good for health-fresh air- keeps one active throughout the day
Benefits Of Early Morning Exercises
To lead a healthy life, we have to follow a routine in our daily life. There is a proverb-
“Early to bed and early to rise
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”
Getting up early in the morning has many efficacies in our lives.The early morning atmosphere is hygienic as the air is fresh and mostly pollution-free. The combination of fresh air with morning excercise can keep a mam happy and healthy. Some free-hand exercises keep our body fit for the day. Through exercises in the morning we can avoid different types of diseases and we can think in a positive way. Early morning exercises in the morning help students to increase their concentration on studies. So everyone should try to follow a routine in which early morning exercise forms a vital part.
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