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Macbeth- William Shakespeare | Class 11 The Second Coming – W B Yeats | class 11 English new syllabus And Still I Rise – Maya Angelou | Class 11 English new syllabus Class 11 English Texts (New Syllabus) WBCHSE THE MAN WHO WISHED TO BE PERFECT from Folk Tales of Bengal by Lal Behari Dey A Ghostly Wife from Folk Tales of Bengal by Lal Behari Dey The Ghost Brahman from Folk Tales of Bengal – Lal Behari Dey My Last Duchess- Robert Browning | Class 11 English new syllabus Of Studies – Francis Bacon | Class 11 English new syllabus The Garden Party – Katherine Mansfield | Class 11 English new syllabus
Turning and turning in the widening gyre   
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere  
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst  
Are full of passionate intensity.

Surely some revelation is at hand;
Surely the Second Coming is at hand.  
The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out  
When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi
Troubles my sight: somewhere in sands of the desert  
A shape with lion body and the head of a man,  
A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,  
Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it  
Reel shadows of the indignant desert birds.  
The darkness drops again; but now I know  
That twenty centuries of stony sleep
Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,  
And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,  
Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?

Word-notes

  1. gyre – A spiral or circular motion or form.
  2. falconer – A person who trains and hunts with falcons.
  3. anarchy – A state of disorder due to the absence or nonrecognition of authority.
  4. blood-dimmed – Describing a tide or flood of blood, suggesting violence and chaos.
  5. conviction – Strongly held belief or opinion.
  6. revelation – A surprising and previously unknown fact, especially one that is made known in a dramatic way.
  7. Spiritus Mundi – Latin for “spirit of the world,” a concept referring to the collective unconscious or the shared pool of human experience.
  8. indignant – Feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment.
  9. vexed – Troubled or distressed.
  10. rough beast – Refers to the sinister force or entity that the speaker imagines is approaching, symbolizing chaos and destruction.
  11. Bethlehem – A biblical reference to the birthplace of Jesus Christ, used metaphorically in the poem to represent a place of significance and potential upheaval.
  12. slouches – Moves in a slow, lazy, or ungainly manner.
  13. cradle – A small bed for a baby, typically mounted on rockers; metaphorically refers to a place of origin or beginning.
  14. Twenty centuries – Refers to the passage of two thousand years since the birth of Christ, invoking a sense of historical perspective and the enduring nature of human struggles.
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