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About the poet:

William Blake(1757-1827) was one of the greatest poets of the Romantic age. Blake’s poetry was published in a manner most unusual in literary and art history. He set up a print shop and engraved and published his own poems. Some of his well-known works are Songs of Innocence, Songs of Experience and The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.

উইলিয়াম ব্লেক (১৭৫৭-১৮২৭) রোমান্টিক যুগের সর্বশ্রেষ্ঠ কবিদের মধ্যে অন্যতম। ব্লেকের কবিতা এমনভাবে প্রকাশিত হয়েছিল যা সাহিত্য এবং শিল্পের ইতিহাসে সম্পুর্ন নজিরবিহীন। তিনি একটি ছাপাখানা প্রতিষ্ঠা করেছিলেন এবং কবিতা নিজেই খোদাই করে প্রকাশ করেছিলেন। তাঁর সুপরিচিত কিছু গ্রন্থের মধ্যে ‘সংস অব ইনোসেন্স’, ‘সংস অব এক্সপিরিয়েন্স’ এবং ‘দ্য ম্যারিজ অব হেভেন এন্ড হেল’ অন্যতম।

The Echoing Green (Lesson 10) Bengali Meaning | Class 7 English

The sun does arise,

সূর্য আকাশে উদিত হয়,

And make happy the skies.

এবং আকাশকে খুশি করে।

The merry bells ring

খুশির ঘন্টা বেজে ওঠে

To welcome the spring.

বসন্তকে স্বাগত জানাতে।

The skylark and thrush,

স্কাইলার্ক ও থ্রাশ,

The birds of the bush,

ঝোপেঝাড়ে থাকা পাখি,

Sing louder around,

চারিপাশে উচ্চস্বরে গান করে,

To the bells’ cheerful sound,

ঘন্টার আনন্দমুখর ধ্বনিতে,

While our sports shall be seen

তখনই আমাদের খেলাধুলা দেখা যাবে,

On the echoing green.

প্রতিধ্বনিত সবুজে।

Old John with white hair

সাদা চুলের বৃদ্ধ জন

Does laugh away care,

চিন্তাকে হাসিতে উড়িয়ে দেয়,

Sitting under the oak,

ওক গাছের নিচে বসে,

Among the old folk.

অন্য বৃদ্ধ বন্ধুদের সাথে।

They laugh at our play,

তারা হাসে আমাদের খেলা দেখে,

And soon they all say:

শীঘ্রই তারা সবাই বলে:

‘Such, such were the joys ‘

‘এই, এই রকমই ছিল আনন্দ

When we all, girls and boys,

যখন আমরা ছোটো ছোটো ছেলেমেয়ে ছিলাম,

In our youth-time were seen

আমাদেরকেও দেখা গেছে যৌবনে,

On the echoing green!

প্রতিধ্বনিত সবুজে!

Till the little ones weary

যেহেতু ছোটোরা এখন ক্লান্ত,

No more can be merry;

তারা আর আনন্দ করবে না;

The sun does descend,

সূর্য চলেছে অস্তাচলে,

And our sports have an end.

আর আমাদের খেলাও থামে।

Round the laps of their mother

তাদের মায়ের কোল ঘিরে

Many sisters and brothers,

অনেক বোনেরা ও ভাইয়েরা,

Like birds in their nest,

পাখিদের বাসার মতো,

Are ready for rest;

বিশ্রামের জন্য প্রস্তুত ;

And sport no more seen

আর খেলা দেখা যায় না

On the darkening green.

ক্রমশ অন্ধকারাচ্ছন্ন সবুজে।

The Echoing Green (Lesson 10) Explanation | Class 7

The sun does arise,
And make happy the skies.
The merry bells ring
To welcome the Spring.
The sky-lark and thrush,
The birds of the bush,
Sing louder around,
To the bells’ cheerful sound. 
While our sports shall be seen
On the Ecchoing Green.

কবি কবিতার শুরুতেই প্রকৃতি ও তার পারিপার্শ্বিক কিছু বস্তুর উল্লেখ করেছেন। আনন্দমুখর ঘন্টা, পাখিদের কলতান ছোটো ছোটো শিশুদের মাঠে খেলায় সঙ্গ দিয়ে চলেছে। সূর্যালোকে সবুজ উজ্জ্বল মাঠ, পাখিদের কুহুতান বসন্তের আগমনকে স্বাগত জানাচ্ছে।

Old John, with white hair 
Does laugh away care,
Sitting under the oak,
Among the old folk, 
They laugh at our play, 
And soon they all say.
‘Such, such were the joys. 
When we all girls & boys, 
In our youth-time were seen, 
On the Ecchoing Green.’

পার্কের এক পাশে বসে বৃদ্ধ জন ও তার বন্ধুরা তাদের ছেলেবেলার স্মৃতি রোমন্থন করছেন। তারা ছোট ছোট ছেলে মেয়েদের খেলা দেখতে দেখতে হেসে ওঠেন। তাদের মনে পড়ে, একসময় তাদের যৌবনে, তারাও যখন ছেলে মেয়ে ছিল- একইভাবে এই সবুজ মাঠে খেলেছেন। এইভাবে তারা সবাই হাসছেন এবং জীবন থেকে তাদের দুঃখ ও সমস্যা ভুলে যাওয়ার চেষ্টা করছেন।

Till the little ones weary
No more can be merry
The sun does descend,
And our sports have an end: 
Round the laps of their mothers, 
Many sisters and brothers,
Like birds in their nest,
Are ready for rest;
And sport no more seen,
On the darkening Green. 

কবিতার শেষ স্তবকে দিনের শেষভাগের বর্ণনা দিয়েছেন। এখানে সারাদিন খেলে সমস্ত বাচ্চারা ক্লান্ত আর তাদের খেলাও শেষ হয়ে যায়। পাখি যেভাবে দিনের শেষে ঘরে ফিরে যায়, তেমনি অনেক ভাই বোনেরাও তাদের মায়ের কোলে ফিরে ফিরে যায়। সন্ধ্যা নেমে আসে আর খেলা দেখা যায় না।

সম্পূর্ণ কবিতাটিকে আমাদের জীবন চক্রের সাথে তুলনা করা যেতে পারে। আমাদের জীবন শুরু হয় হাসি খুশি আনন্দ দিয়ে। আর ধীরে ধীরে নেমে আসে অন্ধকার – মৃত্যু। কবিতার শেষ স্তবকে সূর্যাস্ত যখন অন্ধকার নেমে আনে, তখন তা জীবনের ইতি বা মৃত্যুরই বার্তা বহন করে।

The Echoing Green (Lesson 10) Questions-Answers | Class 7

Activity 1

Put a tick mark to choose the correct word/ expressions from given alternatives:

(a) The sun makes the sky

(i) sad
(ii) happy (√)
(iii) excited

(b) The merry bells welcome the

(i) spring (√)
(ii) autumn
(iii) winter

(c) Old John has

(i) back hair
(ii) brown hair
(iii) white hair (√)

(d) The old men are sitting under

(i) a tree (√)
(ii) an umbrella
(iii) a canopy

(e) In the evening the children come to the laps of

(i) mother (√)
(ii) father
(iii) aunt

Activity 2

Complete the following sentences with information from the poem:

(a) The birds of the bush sing to the_____________________________________.

Ans: The birds of the bush sing to the bells’ cheerful sound.

(b) Old John sits among _______________________________________________.

Ans: Old John sits among the old folk.

(c) The sport of the children reminds the old men of their _______________________.

Ans: The sport of the children remands the old men of their own youth-time.

(d) The children are tired when _________________________________________.

Ans: The children are tired when the sun descends.

(e) In the evening the sports of the children _______________________________.

Ans: In the evening the sports of the children come to an end.

Activity 3

Answer the following questions:

(a) Which are the two birds mentioned in the poem ?

Ans: Skylark and thrush are the two birds mentioned in the poem.

(b) Who is sitting under the oak?

Ans: Old John with white hair is sitting under the oak.

(c) Pick out expression from the poem to show that old men are happy to see the children playing.

Ans: “They laugh at our play” shows that old men are happy to see the children playing.

(d) What do the children do when evening descends ?

Ans: When evening descends the children end their sports and go back to their mother’s lap for taking rest.

Activity 4

Use can, could, should, would and might to fill in the blanks:

(a) _______________ I use your phone ?

Ans: Can I use your phone?

(b) She _________ be in her bedroom.

Ans: She might be in her bedroom.

(c) The programme __________ be finished by now.

Ans: The programme should be finished by now.

(d) She __________ send hours in the library.

Ans: She would send hours in the library.

(e) He ______________ run fast.

Ans: He could run fast.

Activity 5

There are certain qualities you want your best friend to have. Among these, there would be some qualities he/she must have and some would be qualities he/she may have. Make a list of qualities which he/she must have and which he/she must have and which he/she may have.

MustMay
(1) He must be an honest person.
(2) He must be punctual.
(3) He must respect me.
(4) He must be dutiful.
(5) He must be loyal.
(1) He may be a great sports lover.
(2) He may be a singer.
(3) He may have many friends.
(4) He may eat any food of his choise.
(5) He may live anywhere.

Activity  6

There are some habits which people can stop if they wish. Mention four such habits in the given space. Use the word ‘can’ while writing each sentence. One is done for you.

(1) People can stop smoking if they make a firm decision to do so.

(2) People can avoid accident if they drive slowly.

(3) People can stop making heaps of garbages if they want their surroundings clean.

(4) People can minimize pollution by avoiding chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Activity 7(a)

Fill in the blanks with the words given below:

therefore, here, carefully, fluently, tomorrow

(1) He crossed the road__________.

Ans: He crossed the road carefully.

(2) My uncle will arrive_______.

Ans: My uncle will arrive tomorrow.

(3) Wait _______ for some time.

Ans: Wait here for some time.

(4) She speaks ___________.

Ans: She speaks fluently.

(5) He is _______ unhappy.

Ans: He is therefore unhappy.

Activity 7(b)

Some words are given below. Fill in the blanks choosing appropriate words from these. Note that some extra words are given.

completely, happily, quite, closely, partly, rather, deeply

(1) Her words are ________ true.

Ans: Her words are partly true.

(2) The man is _____________ruined.

Ans: The man is completely ruined.

(3) The old man walks ___________ slowly.

Ans: The old man walks rather slowly.

(4) He was _______ moved by the incident.

Ans: He was deeply moved by the incident.

(5) The girl is ________ lovable.

Ans: The girl is quite lovable.

Activity 8

There are two blanks in each sentence. There are some words given in the list of words. Use the same word to fill both blanks of a sentence.

friendly, early, fast

(a) Though he is an ______ riser, he never starts ______for the station.

Ans: Though he is an early riser, he never starts early for the station.

(b) He likes ______cars, but he never drives _____.

Ans: He likes fast cars, but he never drives fast.

(c) Though he has a _____ smile, he doesn’t always behave in a ______manner.

Ans: Though he has a friendly smile, he doesn’t always behave in a friendly manner.

Activity 9

Fill in the blanks with words from the given list of words:

loud, cheerful, joy, weary, lap

(1) She made the announcement in a very ________ manner.

Ans: She made the announcement in a very cheerful manner.

(2) The champion team was overwhelmed with ________.

Ans: The champion team was overwhelmed with joy.

(3) A mother’s _______ is the best shelter in the world.

Ans: A mother’s lap is the best shelter in the world.

(4) He spoke in a ______ voice so that everyone could hear him.

Ans: He spoke in a loud voice so that everyone could hear him.

(5) The man looked __________ at the end of the day.

Ans: The man looked weary at the end of the day.

Read More👇

Lesson 1 Book of Nature
Leason 2 The Riddle
Lesson 3 We Are Seven
Lesson 4 The Beauty and the Beast
Lesson 5 Uncle Podger Hangs a Picture
Lesson 6 The Vagabond
Lesson 7 Mowgli’s Brothers/ Mowgli Among the Wolves
Leason 8 The Story of Proserpine
Lesson 9 J C Bose : A Beautiful Mind
Lesson 10 The Echoing Green
Lesson 11 The Axe
Lesson 12 My Diary
Lesson 13 Ghosts in the Verandah

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