Here are the differences between deny and refuse with examples:
- Deny means to not allow or give something.
- It implies a stronger rejection than refuse.
- It is often used in a formal or official context.
- The judge denied the request for bail.
- The government denied his application for a passport.
- The school denied admission to unqualified students.
- Refuse means to decline or reject something.
- It implies a more personal rejection than deny.
- It is often used in informal contexts.
- She refused my offer to help her with the groceries.
- The child refused to eat his vegetables.
- The customer refused to pay the bill, claiming poor service.
- Deny is more formal and implies a stronger, more definite rejection. It is often used in official contexts.
- Refuse is more informal and implies a less definite, personal rejection. It is often used in daily conversations.
So in general, deny is a stronger and more formal way to indicate rejection, while refuse is a milder and more informal way. The nuance is subtle but the contexts in which they are typically used do differ as illustrated in the examples.
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