Dr. Rana S.P. Singh, born on 23 January 1976 in Machhagar Lachiram (Hathua) village in Gopalganj district, is a reputed physican who has specialsed on ‘Allergy’. He has written a number of articles on healthcare which have found favour of publication in leading newspapers aswell as medical journals. Third son of a police Inspector, Mr. Ramdhyan Singh, Dr. Rana S.P. Singh has several degrees to his credit, such as MBBS, MD (PMCH,
Patna) and D.A., R.C.GP (London). He has read a number of papers in different national seminars, the recent being a seminar on ‘epilepsy’ organised by Department of Neurology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Science, Patna. The present article contains useful tips on how to avoid allergy.
One morning Prem Shankar woke up with an itching sensation of pain all over his body. He could not understand what was the problem with him. He went to a clinic. The doctor examined him and assured him that he would be O.K. in a few days. “It’s just an instance of allergy’, he observed. Prem wanted to know what allergy is. So, the Doctor explained:
Allergy, you can say, is a malfunction of the human immune system causing a violent reaction against normally harmless substances in our natural environment. (You may call such substances “allergens”). The reaction creates an inflammation which, in turn, can lead to a variety of symptoms such as hay fever, eczema, ästhma and other conditions popularly referred to as allergies.
There are genetic and environment risk factors. To develop allergic symptoms, one must first be exposed to the specific, allergens for some time to build up the allergic sensitivity, and then once more to trigger the allergic reaction. Environmental factors, such as smoking and pollution, will also add to the risk.
Initially, allergy often appears as seemingly benign condition, such as hay fever during the pollen season. In fact, many people gradually build up on allergic condition over many years before experiencing, any symptoms whatsoever. However, for some unfortunate people, a certain food or drug or an ordinary insect bite can result in sudden, life-threatening anaphylactic shock. Furthermore, of those allergies which start as eczema or gastrointestinal problems, many evolve into asthma, frequently involving respiratory symptoms such as hyper-reactivity and obstruction of the airways. This direct path of development is widely referred to as “the allergy march”.
Our basic understanding of allergy has evolved from the discovery in 1967 of a previously unknown antibody, Immunoglobulin E or “IgE”, by scientists in Uppsala and Baltimore. The most significant property of IgE antibodies is that they can be specific for hundreds of different allergens. Continued research has significantly advanced our knowledge regarding, for example, the interaction between IgE and inflammatory cells.
For effective asthma medication, one needs to look beyond the obvious symptoms. Anti-histamines, for example, may provide temporary relief by masking the symptoms, but have virtually no effect on the underlying inflammation. Other pharmaceuticals, known to be effective for seasonal allergy, must be administered weeks before exposure. The clinical use of inhaled steroids is currently gaining ground due to their anti-inflammatory effects, although overtreatment may have serious side effects. To ensure the lowest effective dosage throughout the treatment, the laboratory can periodically monitor the occurence in serum of ECP released from inflammatory cells. Eosinophilic Cationic Protein is a protein generated in certain white blood cells actively engaged in the immune defense system. Using a diagnostic test, developed by Phadia, ECP can be detected in body fluids.
Treatment of Allergies
There are three general approaches to the treatment of allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis: avoidance of the allergen, medication to relieve symptoms and allergy shots.
Suggestions to avoid allergen
Wear a pollen mask when moving the grass or housecleaning.
Stay indoors in the morning (when the pollen count is at its highest)
and on windy days.
Read and understand food labels (for people with food allergy).
Keep windows and doors closed during heavy pollination seasons.
Rid the home of indoor plants and other sources of mildew.
Don’t allow dander-producing animals in the house.
Change feather pillows, woolen blankets and clothing to cotton or synthetic materials.
Enclose mattress, box springs and pillows in plastic barrier cloth.
Wash sheets, mattress pad and blankets weekly in hot water (at least 130 F).
Remove carpets and upholstered furniture (drastic measure).
Use acaricide (a chemical that kills house-dust mites) or a tannic
acid solution (solution that neutralizes the allergen in mite droppings).
Some measures for those who can afford:
Use the air conditioner in the house and car.
Use air filters.
Use a dehumidifier.
PANORAMA ENGLISH BOOK PART 2 CLASS 10 PROSE
Chapter 1 The Pace for Living
Chapter 2 Me and The Ecology Bit
Chapter 3 Gillu
Chapter 4 What is Wrong with Indian Film
Chapter 5 Acceptance Speech
Chapter 6 Once Upon A Time
Chapter 7 The Unity of Indian Culture
Chapter 8 Little Girl Wiser Than Man
PANORAMA ENGLISH BOOK PART 2 CLASS 10 POETRY
Chapter 1 God Made The Country
Chapter 2 Ode On Solitude
Chapter 3 Polythene Bag
Chapter 4 Thinner Than a Crescent
Chapter 5 The Empty Heart
Chapter 6 Koel (The Black Cuckoo)
Chapter 7 The Sleeping Porter
Chapter 8 Martha
PANORAMA ENGLISH READER PART 2 CLASS 10TH SOLUTIONS BIHAR BOARD
Chapter 1 January Night
Chapter 2 Allergy
Chapter 3 The Bet
Chapter 4 Quality
Chapter 5 Sun and Moon
Chapter 6 Two Horizons
Chapter 7 Love Defiled
BIHAR BOARD CLASS 10TH ENGLISH WRITING
Unseen Passage for Comprehension Literary
Unseen Passage for Comprehension Factual
BIHAR BOARD CLASS 10TH ENGLISH GRAMMAR
Active and Passive Voice
Narration Direct and Indirect Speech
Idioms and Phrases